Elements of the 20th Armored Division, along with those of the U.S. On its arrival, SHAEF discovered that the division required an unprecedented amount of additional training before being ready for combat. To perform this mission, the Division included in its strength an unusually large number of intelligent and highly trained men, including students from several of the Army's advanced college training programs.[5]. As a result of the restructuring, in December 1992, the Brigade merge… The 20th Armoured Infantry Brigade (The Iron Fist) is an armoured infantry brigade formation of the British Army, currently based at Wing Barracks, Bulford, Wiltshire, as part of the 3rd (United Kingdom) Division. 8th Armored Infantry Battalion 65th Armored Infantry Battalion 70th Armored Infantry Battalion. After considering breaking up the new division to provide replacements for the veteran armored divisions under his 12th U.S. Army Group, General Omar N. Bradley, sent the unit to Marktbreit, where the Division was attached to the III Corps; 20 April. The Division reported to Camp Cooke, CA, for amphibious assault training, but after the atomic bombs were dropped and Japan surrendered, the unit was inactivated on 2 April 1946 at Camp Hood in Texas. ), After certification as a liberating division by the Center of Military History on October 28, 1988, and the awarding of a Liberation Certificate by the United States Holocaust Memorial Council, veterans of the division adopted the name LIBERATORS as a Division Motto.[1]. The Division and its flag were subsequently added to USHMM displays and were cited online there and elsewhere. To perform this mission, the division included in its strength an unusually large number of intelligent and highly trained men, including students from several of the Army's advanced college training programs. Until October 1944, the 20th Armored Division's mission was to train soldiers and qualify them for overseas shipment as replacements for armored units. The rest of the 20th had been ordered off the roads leading into Munich on 28 April to allow the 42nd and 45th Infantry Divisions to attack Munich.[3]. The 20th Armored Division's 27th Tank Battalion (a component of Combat Command R) was attached to the veteran 42nd Infantry Division on 23 April 1945 and led the attack to capture the town of Donauwörth on the 25th to secure the crossing of the Danube. Overlooking the above, incomplete official records minimize the Division's perceived combat activity, i.e., citing: Elements of the division first saw action as Task Force Campbell when a false surrender by the enemy resulted in fighting in the town of Dorf, 25 April. Fourth Armored Division tanks finally broke through on 26 December, but CCB continued to fight until 18 January. ABMC honors the services of overseas U.S. Armed Forces by maintaining and promoting America's overseas commemorative … The inscription is: To those of you who made our lives happier. M4 Sherman tank with a late-war 76 mm main gun. 20th Armored Division World War II Missing in Action There are 1 soldiers of the 20th Armored Division World War II still listed as missing in action. Elements seized the bridge over the Paar river at Schrobenhausen and secured crossings over the Ilm River. The 20th Armored Division was an armored division of the United States Army in World War II. Corporal Edward L. Strauss 20th Tank Battalion 04/30/1945 It was activated on 15 March 1943 at Camp Campbell in Kentucky. In total the United States raised 16 armored division in World War 2. The 20th Armored Division disembarked at the French port of Le Havre in February 1945. While Schulz's unit was nearby, it did not actually enter Dachau. Reproduction WW2 US Army Tank Battalion shoulder patch. "Schulz and Peanuts: A Biography". Broadside of thanks from Company A of the 27th Tank Battalion of the 20th Armored Division. The Brigade continued to serve in Home Forces under various commands until 15 January 1943. [7]. 20th Armored Division with attached Liberators tab. Seventh Army's 45th (Thunderbird) and 42nd (Rainbow) Infantry Divisions, participated in the liberation of Dachau concentration camp on 29 April 1945. Harper. The division had no official name although it did associate itself with the nickname "Armoraiders" while in training at Camp Campbell. The only element of the 20th to participate in a serious engagement was the 27th Tank Battalion. The actual arrival of the 20th Armored Division into combat occurred 4–9 April 1945. It was sent to Buchy for a month of training before being deemed acceptable for combat duty. 20th Armored Division in World War II, 1993 Edition, Walsworth Publishing Company, Inc. Order of Battle, ETO, 1945; Seventh U.S. Army: Report of Operations in France and Germany, 1944–1945, 413th Armored Field Artillery Battalion Unit History for 1945, declassified NARA records dated 9/26/00, #NND735017, 27th Tank Battalion After Action Report, 23–30 April '45, declassified NARA records dated 4/18/95, #NND735017, AG Record #AGPD-B 370.24 (12 Jan 46), declassified NARA records dated 9/25/00, #NND735017, Special Order 39, Headquarters, 480th Armored Infantry Regiment, Camp Campbell, Kentucky, dated May 15, 1943, Michaelis, David (2007). The Recommendation for Unit Citation, dated 3 October 1945, states: These units, which constituted Task Force 20, are cited for outstanding performance of duty in action during the period 28–30 April 1945, in the vicinity of Neuherberg, Germany. The 20th AD Service of CPT Guy W. Chipman, Jr. (D CO., 20th TB) ... 2 photos. 20th Armored Division Association – 1993 ETO Tour. Future Vice President Spiro T. Agnew attained the rank of 1st Lieutenant while with the 20th Armored Division's 480th Armored Infantry Regiment (prior to reorganization to light armored division TO&E). They are on the outskirts of Cailly, France on February 24th, they had arrived in country a few days before and had not seen combat yet. Done on WW2 style machines machine embroidered with cut edge. To my mind, the coming calendar week represents the 20th Armored Division's de facto grand finale'. The river was crossed on 28 April, the 20th … After training at Buchy, it moved through, Belgium to Langendernbach, Germany, 10 April. The broadside was signed by the members of the battalion and it includes a photograph of a tank. 9th Armored Division. The division's armored field artillery battalions (the 412th, 413th, and 414th), with elements of the 33rd Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, moved up to the west bank of the Rhine River to support the 101st Airborne Division near Delhoven, Germany, and the 82nd Airborne Division across the river from Hitdorf, Germany. XX ΤΘΜ) is the only armoured division of the Hellenic Army. After giving serious thought to breaking up the new division to provide replacements for the veteran armored divisions under his 12th U.S. Army Group, General Omar N. Bradley, sent the unit to Marktbreit, where the division was attached to the III Corps; 20 April. Basic Armored triangle with tank battalion number added. "[2], The division comprised the following units:[3]. The 27th Tank was attached to the veteran 42nd Infantry Division during its attack on Munich, 29–30 April. The 20th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the New Zealand Military Forces, which served during the Second World War as part of the New Zealand 2nd Division.During the war it was converted to an armoured regiment.. It then moved through Belgium to Langendernbach, Germany, 10 April. Following the fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989 and the anticipated peace dividend at the end of the Cold War, the British government announced a series of cuts in defence spending under the 1990 "Options for Change" programme. It is headquartered in Kavala, Macedonia. At that time, the Division assembled near Deiningen and reconnoitered for routes to the Danube River. 8th Armored Infantry Battalion 65th Armored Infantry Battalion 70th Armored Infantry Battalion. Done on WW2 style machines machine embroidered with cut edge. The 20th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the New Zealand Military Forces, which served during the Second World War as part of the 2nd New Zealand Division. [6] It was the 412th that supported the 82nd in their attack on Hitdorf that resulted in the awarding of a Distinguished Unit Citation. The division assembled near Deiningen and reconnoitered for routes to the Danube. 162 photos. The 20th Armored Division arrived at Le Havre, France, 16 February 1945. Despite its recent efficacy in the combat zone, the rest of the 20th was ordered off the roads leading into Munich on 28 April, allowing the veteran 42nd (Rainbow) and 45th (Thunderbird) Infantry Divisions to capture Munich proper.[10]. [10], Shoulder sleeve patch of the United States Army 20th Armored Division. Jack "Snafu" Arkush … The river was crossed on 28 April, the 20th … [2], Some incomplete records minimize the division's activity, i.e. 20th Armoured Infantry Brigade The Iron Fist Brigade The British Army’s 20th Armoured Infantry Brigade (The Iron Fist) is based in Wing Barracks, Salisbury Plain. The division's armored field artillery battalions (the 412th, 413th, and 414th), with elements of the 33rd Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, moved up to the west bank of the Rhine River to support the 101st Airborne Division near Delhoven, Germany, and the 82nd Airborne Division across the river from Hitdorf, Germany. The 20th Armoured Division (Greek: XX Τεθωρακισμένη Μεραρχία, XX ΤΘΜ, Eikosti Tethorakismeni Merarchia), is the only armoured division of the Hellenic Army. While anecdotal reports indicate varied 20th AD troops took part in the unfolding process of discovery and liberation of the camp, ultimately it was the above attachment of elements of the 27th Tank Battalion to those of the 42nd Infantry Division on which the 20th Armored would be jointly recognized by the US Army Center for Military History (CMH) and the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM) as an official Liberating unit. Broadside of thanks from Company A of the 27th Tank Battalion of the 20th Armored Division. After training at Buchy, it moved through, Belgium to Langendernbach, Germany, 10 April. The division crossed the Inn River at Wasserburg on 3 May, entered Traunstein, 4 May, and was moving toward Salzburg when it received word that hostilities would cease in Europe. We thank you from the bottom of our hearts. The 20th Armored Division departed Boston on 5 February and arrived at Le Havre, France, 18 February 1945. The division is credited with only eight days in combat losing only 46 men killed in action and 134 wounded. Reproduction WW2 US Army Tank Battalion shoulder patch. 20th Battalion (New Zealand) - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia - WikiMili, The F [4] On arrival it was sent to Buchy for a month's assembly, preparation, and additional training. The condition of the division when it arrived overseas was undoubtedly affected by a recent change in its primary mission. (144 Photos, and detailed captions) MAN, this is big. Activated 15 March 1943 Arrived in European Theater of Operations 17 February 1945 Arrived Continent 21 February 1945 (D+225) Entered Combat 24 April 1945 Days in Combat 8 The Division has no real nickname although it did associate itself with the nickname "Armoraiders" while in training at Camp Campbell. The broadside was signed by the members of the battalion and it includes a photograph of a tank. At this time the Brigade became a training formation and its regiments, on conversion to the armoured reconnaissance role, were posted elsewhere. 20th Tank Battalion 27th Tank Battalion. [5] The success of the operation prompted this quote from Lt. Col. Donald E. Downard, commanding officer of the 2nd Battalion, 222nd Infantry (42nd Infantry Division) who had witnessed more than 25 months of combat, "I have never seen a more aggresive [sic?] At Marktbreit, the Division was attached to the III Corps; 20 April. Until October 1944, the 20th Armored Division's mission was to train soldiers and qualify them for overseas shipment as combat replacements for armored units. There is also the history of 9th Tank Battalion for The 20th Armored Division was an armored division of the United States Army that fought in World War II. The 20th Armored Division arrived at Le Havre, France, 16 February 1945. Three days later, it was detached and reassigned to the XV Corps, Seventh Army, at Wurzburg, Germany. 1 photo. The actual arrival of the 20th Armored Division into combat occurred April 4–9, 1945. The bulk of our battalion was a part of Combat Command “B”, one of the three Combat Commands of an Armored Division. 20th Armored Division with attached Liberators tab. The 20th Armored Division's 27th Tank Battalion was attached to the 42nd Infantry Division on 23 April 1945 and led the attack to capture the town of Donauworth on the 25th to secure the crossing of the Danube River. (Nickname information taken from the 18 March 1944 issue of the Camp Campbell Newspaper, Retreat to Taps. The condition of the Division when it arrived overseas was affected by a recent change in its primary mission. krystal80, My wifes father was in the 20th Tank Battalion, 2nd Platoon, "C" Company and was killed on 30 April, 1945 as the 20th Armored Division approached Munich. The river was crossed on 28 April, the 20th meeting sporadic resistance. 44TH TANK BATTALION HISTORICAL RECORD AND HISTORY The 44th Tank Battalion was redesignated on 11 November 1943 near Watertown, Tennessee in the Tennessee Maneuver Area, as a unit in the 12th Armored Division (authority: G.O. During this time I was serving as Company Commander of Service Company, 20 th Armored Infantry Battalion, 10 th Armored Division. After the battle, the 10th Armored Division's 21st Tank Battalion and Combat Command B were awarded the Presidential Unit Citation for their actions from 17 to 27 December 1944 Battle of the Bulge. 16-25 December 1944. Officially, the Division is erroneously credited with only eight days in combat (overlooking the previously described Rhine action)[11], Peanuts creator, Charles Schulz, rose to the rank of Staff Sergeant (and Light Machine Gun Squad Leader) while a member of the Division's 8th Armored Infantry Battalion. Peanuts creator Charles Schulz rose to the rank of Staff Sergeant while a member of the division. The 20th Armored Division's 27th Tank Battalion was attached to the veteran 42nd Infantry Division on 23 April 1945 and led the attack to capture the town of Donauwörth on the 25th to secure the crossing of the Danube. The 20th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the New Zealand Military Forces, which served during the Second World War as part of the 2nd New Zealand Division.During the war it was converted to an armoured regiment.. [9], The 27th Tank Battalion remained attached to the 42nd Infantry Division during its attack on Munich, 29–30 April. The actual arrival of the 20th Armored Division into combat occurred 4–9 April 1945. 20th AD Unit Photos: 138th Armored Ordnance Battalion. Meanwhile, in support of units of the 45th Infantry Division (primarily belonging to the 180th and 157th Infantry Regiments), elements of the 20th Armored Division's Combat Command B (including certain forces of the 20th Tank Battalion, 65th Armored Infantry Battalion, and 413th Armored Field Artillery Battalion), operating together as Task Force 20, were awarded a Distinguished Unit Citation for their collective action in the Central European (Southern Germany) Campaign. Notations and signatures: Cpl. 9th TANK BATTALION 34 pages Box 127 The series contains the after action reports and unit histories of the 9th Tank Battalion (20th Armored Division) for April and May 1-10, 1945, troop lists for the same period, a roster of key personnel, and ammunition expenditure reports for early May 1945. In April, the division moved through Belgium and into Germany. Welcome to the virtual gathering place for veterans, relatives, and fans of World War II's 20th Armored Division. This M4A1 76w is from A Company, 20th Tank Battalion, 20 Armored Division. With soldierly courage and irrepressible determination members of Task Force 20 pushed an armored spearhead 45 miles beyond the Danube River to the outskirts of Munich, destroying a supply train, capturing almost 800 prisoners, and securing four bridges over the Amper River intact. The 20th Armoured Infantry Brigade ... contributing towards the decision in 1942 to halve the tank strength of an armoured division. The Recommendation for Unit Citation dated 3 October 1945 states, These units, which constituted Task Force 20, are cited for outstanding performance of duty in action during the period 28–30 April 1945, in the vicinity of Neuherberg, Germany. Three days later, it was detached and reassigned to the XV Corps, Seventh Army, at Würzburg, Germany. The crew is unpacking and taking inventory of all the gear issued with the tank Author Unknow This is a day by day narrative of the action of Combat Command "B", 9th Armored Division, in the St Vith, Belgium, sector during the period, 16 through 23 December 1944. [6], Elements of the 20th Armored Division, primarily from Combat Command B, comprised Task Force 20 which was awarded a Unit Citation. 30th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron (Mechanized) 220th Armored Engineer Battalion 160th Armored Signal Company. The 20th Armored Division's 27th Tank Battalion was attached to the 42nd Infantry Division on 23 April 1945 and led the attack to capture the town of Donauworth on the 25th to secure the crossing of the Danube River. 20th Armored Division in World War II, 1993 Edition, Walsworth Publishing Company, Inc. 413th Armored Field Artillery Battalion Unit History for 1945, declassified NARA records dated 9/26/00, #NND735017, 27th Tank Battalion After Action Report, 23–30 April '45, declassified NARA records dated 4/18/95, #NND735017, AG Record #AGPD-B 370.24 (12 Jan 46), declassified NARA records dated 9/25/00, #NND735017, Order of Battle, ETO, 1945; Seventh U.S. Army: Report of Operations in France and Germany, 1944–1945, Special Order 39, Headquarters, 480th Armored Infantry Regiment, Camp Campbell, Kentucky, dated 15 May 1943, Army Battle Casualties and Nonbattle Deaths (Statistical and Accounting Branch, Office of the Adjutant General, 1 June 1953, "Order of Battle of the US Army - WWII - ETO - 20th Armored Division", https://history.army.mil/documents/ETO-OB/20AD-ETO.htm, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=20th_Armored_Division_(United_States)&oldid=1001152535, Armored divisions of the United States Army, United States Army divisions during World War II, Military units and formations established in 1943, Military units and formations disestablished in 1946, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 33rd Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron (Mechanized), 138th Armored Ordnance Maintenance Battalion, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 13:16. It then moved through, Belgium to Langendernbach, Germany, 10 April. Basic Armored triangle with tank battalion number added. This victory destroyed the defenses of Munich, Germany, removing resistance to the entry of troops into the City. Three days later, it was detached and reassigned to the XV Corps, Seventh Army, at Wurzburg, Germany. By September 1944, the division was at Camp Shanks, New York, preparing to go overseas. The division's Armored Field Artillery Battalions (the 412th, 413th, and 414th), with elements of the 33rd Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, moved up to the west bank of the Rhine River to support the 101st Airborne Division near Delhoven, Germany, and the 82nd Airborne Division across the river from Hitdorf, Germany. 30th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron (Mechanized) 220th Armored Engineer Battalion 160th Armored Signal Company. The 20th Armored Division was an armored division of the United States Army in World War II. Plaque at Dachau concentration camp honoring the 20th Armored Division and displaying the moniker 'Liberators'. This victory destroyed the defenses of Munich, Germany, removing resistance to the entry of troops into the City. 30 photos. Richard Nixon's future Vice President, Spiro Agnew, attained the rank of 1st Lieutenant while with the 20th Armored Division's 480th Armored Infantry Regiment (prior to reorganization to light armored division TO&E).[13]. It forms part of the 3rd (United Kingdom) Division (The Iron Division), the Army’s primary warfighting force. ISBN, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Armored divisions of the United States Army, United States Army divisions during World War II, Military units and formations established in 1943, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/20th_Armored_Division_(United_States)?oldid=4681848. The 20th Armored Division departed Boston on 6 February and arrived at Le Havre, France, 19 February 1945. It was activated on 15 March 1943 at Camp Campbell in Kentucky. C.C.B. The division’s combat elements consisted of three tank battalions, the 23rd, 43rd, and 714th; the 17th, 56th, and 66th Armored Infantry Battalions with the 119th Armored Engineer Battalion and 92nd Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron. Schulz's unit was near but did not actually enter the camp. The 20th AD Service of Dale Ellis, B CO., 27th Tank Battalion. Following V-E Day, the Division performed Occupation duties, returning to the U.S. in August 1945, slated for participation in the then-planned invasion of Japan. Cambridge American Cemetery and Memorial Madingley Road Coton CB23 7PH Cambridge United Kingdom At Marktbreit, the Division was attached to the III Corps; 20 April. 20th Tank Battalion 27th Tank Battalion. [4] It was the 412th that supported the 82nd in their attack on Hitdorf that resulted in the awarding of a Unit Citation. It was activated on 15 March 1943 at Camp Campbell in Kentucky. Cemeteries & Memorials; Burial Search; About Us; Education; Facebook; Twitter; YouTube; Instagram; ABMC Headquarters 2300 Clarendon Blvd, Suite 500 Arlington, VA 22201 Phone: 703-584-1501. #36, Hq 12th Armored Division, dated 11 November 1943). The end of hostilities found this tank division in Austria. The 20th Armored Division's 27th Tank Battalion was attached to the 42nd Infantry Division on 23 April 1945 and led the attack to capture the town of Donauworth on the 25th to secure the crossing of the Danube River. It is headquartered in Kavala, Macedonia. (Source: Stanton, Shelby L.: Order of Battle US Army World War II, p. 15-20) armored unit." Later that month, the 20th advanced deep into Bavaria, crossing the Danube River and capturing the city of Munich on April 30, 1945. The success of the operation prompted Lt. Col. Donald E. 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